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Medieval games: the best middle ages wargames

Our experts' pick of the very best wargames from antiquity through to the medieval period

Best Medieval Games guide XIII century main image

Outside World War II, no other period of armed conflict offers as much variety and depth as the ancient world, if for no other reason than its temporal length. Using the time-honoured Wargames Research Group miniatures rules convention, ‘ancients’ actually covers from about 3000 BC to 1485 AD, although this is because the WRG lumps ‘ancient’ and ‘medieval’ together into one grouping – hence our rather expansive title to this guide!

1485 signifies a commonly accepted time where gunpowder use became widespread and, as it happens, also marks the end of the War of the Roses. Such a vast continuum of war-fighting history, stretching as it does from khopesh-toting ancient Egyptian mercenaries to the knights and fluttering battle-pennants of feudal Europe, should surely provide more than enough army fodder to keep everyone entertained.

Our picks for the best games in this category are below, and if you see a lot of famous titles missing, don’t despair. Not every game can make the cut, however much you really enjoyed its siege towers or its pitch-perfect simulation of late Byzantine cavalry tactics. Excluded from the list, for example, are games that are primarily empire or nation building platforms, and – for now – pretty much anything with Total War in its title.

Without further ado, let’s begin…

What are the best Ancients & Medieval War Games?

  • Blocks! Julius Caesar
  • Field of Glory: Empires
  • XIII Century Gold Edition
  • Hegemony III – Clash of the Ancients
  • Field of Glory II
  • Sengoku Jidai
  • Mare Nostrvm
  • Alea Jacta Est
  • Ancient Warfare: Punic Wars
  • Ancient Warfare: Gallic Wars
  • Ancient Warfare: Alexandrian Wars
  • Ancient Warfare: Greek Wars
  • Ancient Warfare: Roman Civil War
  • Great Battles Collector’s Edition
  • Aggressors: Ancient Rome

Best Ancients and Medieval War Games Blocks: Julius Caesar

Blocks! Julius Caesar

Publisher/Developer: Avalon Digital

This is Avalon Digital’s second block game adaptation, this time going back to the good ‘ol times of Julius Caesar and Ancient Rome. Columbia’s Julius Caesar was considered one of the best operational war games covering this theme, and AD’s digital rendition does an excellent job capturing that experience for a new PC-bound audience. While it’s technically a bit lighter on content than Richard III’s digital port, it’s still comfortably the superior game.

The interface is clean and expertly recreates the aesthetic of the original board game, and the mechanics have been translated well as well. Automating the more fiddly bits of this game is also a godsend, and this one has a lot more promise in terms of additional scenarios – it’s definitely our favourite so far.

It’s also worth noting that the third game in this series, Hammer of the Scots, has been in Steam Early Access since July.

Best Ancients and Medieval War Games Field of Glory: Empires

Field of Glory: Empires

Publisher/Developer: Slitherine/Matrix Games/AGEOD

Even though this is technically a grand-strategy game, having been designed by AGEOD there’s still enough of their traditional war game flair for this fit the bill. Coupled with the fact that you can play out key battles in Field of Glory II through an excellent battle importer mechanic, then in many ways this could be considered the ultimate ancients war game.

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It’s not quite that good, but it’s still an excellent attempt at creating a mainstream strategy experience that retains AGEOD’s identity and approach to simulating warfare. Innovative gameplay is also found through legacy and decadence mechanics which are a way of trying to measure how your empire will stand the test of time. It’s a more complete experience than its immediate rival, Imperator: Rome, however it possibly lacks the same long-term potential. Only time will tell.

DLC expansions

Persia 550-330 BC

Also of note

FOG: Empires has received its first DLC pack, which rewinds the clock back further to the 6th Century BC and covers the rise of Achaemenid Persia. It adds some new mechanics and content, and the new scenario plays pretty well.


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XIII Century Gold Edition

Publisher/Developer: 1C Entertainment / Unicorn Game Studios

While this one is towards the end of the time period we’d consider to fit, we were reminded of this gem when Bill decided to dig it up from his archives. Back when Russian publisher 1C was making a decent attempt at strategy and war games, they helped release games like XIII Century as a more hardcore counter-point to the Total War series. XIII Century itself doesn’t have a strategic layer (although one of Unicorn’s later games, Real Warfare: Northern Crusades did), but it made up for it with some excellent detail and gritty tactical combat.

It’s especially geared towards grogheads because a lot of emphasis is placed on your initial troops deployments and the robustness of your battleplan – once contact is made with the enemy it’s hard to change things on the fly (unlike similar games). In true Bill fashion, it was also praised for its attention to detail with regard to the coats of arms displayed in the game, if you like that sort of thing. You’d be hard pressed to find a better real-time medieval war game in digital, and it’s a shame we don’t have more like this nowadays.

Best Ancients and Medieval War Games Hegemony 3: Clash of the Ancients

Hegemony III – Clash of the Ancients

Publisher/Developer: Longbow Games

While it pains me immeasurably to admit my editor was right, this game is a hidden gem. It does the same job as games at this level of play (as in Alea Jacta Est), but in a real-time and 3D format. The player can seamlessly zoom from a strategic one-dimensional map of the entire area down to a very granular tactical resolution a la Cossacks III and similar games. At this point instead of an abstract battle resolution system with little player input, 3D units of soldiers appear, and you can move, turn, shoot, and cleave heads as you would in any RTS game.

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This game is the third in the series, the others being Hegemony Rome (header image) and Hegemony Gold Ancient Greece. Clash of the Ancients looks at the rise of the Roman Republic against sundry adversaries like the Etruscans, and this may not interest a lot of would be players. There is, however, The Eagle King DLC that shifts the time-frame forward to Pyrrhus of Epirus, with an amazing looking naval model.

DLC expansions

The Eagle King


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Field of Glory II

Publisher/Developer: Matrix Games/Byzantine Games

This game is the current standard in ancient’s computer gaming. It is an uber faithful direct port of the Field of Glory miniature rules, also published by Matrix/Slitherine. Field of Glory 2 uses accurately detailed 3D units that mimic the tabletop version down to having in grid the same number of figures by type as the corresponding stand of miniatures in the pewter version.

Aside from the ubiquitous Hobbit hovels and Dwarf forests, the visuals rival some of the best miniature painting. Unlike the tabletop edition, the game features campaigns and lots of historical battles. There are 281 army lists in support while the base game comes with a free DLC, the Rise of Rome.

You might also be interested in knowing that it’s getting a stand-alone sequel: Field of Glory II: Medieval.

DLC expansions

Many – available on Steam

Best Ancients and Medieval War Games Sengoku Jidai

Sengoku Jidai

Publisher/Developer: Matrix Games/Byzantine Games

Developed by the same team as Field of Glory II, this older game mimics Pike & Shot in its presentation. Rather than a miniatures look; the game has 3D units that look like actual troops on the ground, resembling a (historical and realistic) Hollywood reenactment with thousands of extras. Like Field of Glory II, the software uses the Battle Academy engine which provides for easy learning, simple play as well as realistic results.

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The base rules expansion Genko campaign of 1281 (Mongol invasion of Japan) and the Gempai Kessan 1180 campaign DLC allow entry into our period of interest. Byzantine Games, BTW, is one Richard Bodley Scott, the original author of the Field of Glory miniatures product line to include Field of Glory Renaissance.

DLC expansions

Gempei Kassen, Mandate of Heaven

Best Ancients and Medieval War Games Mare Nostrvm

Mare Nostrvm

Publisher/Developer: Matrix Games/Turnopia

Outside Peter Turcan’s buggy Trireme Commander, this game stands unique because of its maritime perspective. Mare Nostrvm uses 14 types of individual ships to fight 24 historical battles including Salamis, the defeat of Xerxes’ Persian navy, and Actium, downfall of Anthony and Cleopatra.

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There is also a point system for skirmish battles as well as a command apparatus similar the line command concept in many board games. Under the hood perks include fatigue, variable wind and fog. Unfortunately, no, Eva Green is not featured in the Salamis scenario as Artemesia.


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Alea Jacta Est

Publisher/Developer: Matrix Games/AGEOD
Tags: ancients, operational, strategic, area, Rome, turn based WEGO

This game uses the venerable but reliable Adaptive Game Engine Online Distribution (AGEOD, get it) core to simulate five different campaigns 87 BC to 197 AD allowing for battles against the likes of Sertorius and Mithridates. Players manage diplomacy, recruitment and supply for their armies as they move from region to region simultaneously with the AI. Alea Jacta Est has a very professional looking presentation using leader portraits that gives it a more serious feel while the wealth of detail is truly impressive.

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Status and record keeping for things such as battle losses are by individual units such as Legions, Auxilia or similar. The title is Latin for “the die is cast,” supposedly muttered by Julius Caesar when he crossed the Rubicon and the game won the Bronze award for Best Strategy Game at Strategycon Interactive 2012.

DLC expansions

Hannibal: Terror of Rome, Parthian Wars, Cantabrian Wars, Spartacus Revolt, Birth of Rome

Best Ancients and Medieval War Games Ancients Warfare: Punic Wars

Ancient Warfare: Punic Wars

Publisher/Developer: HPS Simulations
Tags: ancients, tactical, hex, miniatures, John Tiller, turn based WEGO, Hannibal.

Part of the company’s Ancient Warfare series, this game is based on John Tiller design concepts, but uses a WEGO turn system rather than the normal alternating turn sequence. Each hex is 20 meters while each turn represents 15 minutes of real time. There are 41 scenarios (17 historical, 8 hypothetical, 16 Table Top Series) covering actions such as Cannae, Asculum, Heraclea & Trebbia.

Table Top series engagements provide equally matched armies based on miniature wargaming points systems. The graphics are dated, and really no one has ever matched the old Talonsoft painted look, but the game does allow for modification of both units and terrain under a “Paint Your Own Army” option.

Best Ancients and Medieval War Games Ancients Warfare: Gallic Wars

Ancient Warfare: Gallic Wars

Publisher/Developer: HPS Simulations

This game is part of the company’s Ancient Warfare series. There are 52 scenarios included (21 historical, 9 hypothetical, and 22 from the Table Top Series) covering actions such as Alesia, Sambre, Vosges & Chaeronea. Siege warfare plays a much bigger role in this game vice others in the series.

DLC expansions

Two free expansion packs for download, adding a total of 40 new scenarios.

Best Ancients and Medieval War Games Ancients Warfare: Alexandrian Wars

Ancient Warfare: Alexandrian Wars

Publisher/Developer: HPS Simulations

Another in the series, there are 44 scenarios included (20 historical, 16 hypothetical & eight from the Table Top Series) covering actions such as Chaeronea, Pelium, Gabai and Hydaspes.

Best Ancients and Medieval War Games Ancients Warfare: Greek Wars

Ancient Warfare: Greek Wars

Publisher/Developer: HPS Simulations

This game series entry includes 60 scenarios covering the Persian Wars and various Greek vs Greek conflicts such as the Peloponnesian war between Athens and Sparta. This allows for battles such as Marathon, Thermopylae, and Plataea. Like all the other games mentioned, there is an option to play battles from an overhead perspective with NATO unit symbology.

Best Ancients and Medieval War Games Ancients Warfare: Roman Civil War

Ancient Warfare: Roman Civil War

Publisher/Developer: HPS Simulations

This game is listed only in the left sidebar of the HPS Ancient Warfare downloads page, so its availability is uncertain as is that of another product in the series, Diadochi covering the wars of Alexander’s successors. Roman Civil War covers the time frame of the Republic and Early Empire, 55 BC to 10 AD.

DLC expansions

Two free expansion packs for download, one on the German Wars with 15 new scenarios, the other on the Jerusalem Wars with five new scenarios.

Best Medieval Games guide Great Battles Collectors Edition screenshot

Great Battles Collector’s Edition

Publisher/Developer: Erudite Software/iEntertainment Network via GOG

This game includes all three 1997 computer games – the Great Battles of Caesar, the Great Battles of Alexander and the Great Battles of Hannibal. It was a port of the GMT Great Battles of History series from cardboard to PC and was known for its attention to detail and accuracy, with particular emphasis on troop cohesion and routing.

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One review summed it up by noting anyone can figure out Total War, “but if you want to replicate Hannibal’s exploits, you’ll need to put in the work!” The game contains 30 scenarios and be advised the software defaults to Windows 95 Compatibility Mode automatically.

Best Ancients and Medieval War Games Aggressors: Ancient Rome

Aggressors : Ancient Rome

Publisher/Developer: Slitherine Ltd/Kubat Software via Steam

This turn-based 4x lets you garner glory in the ancient world as one of 20 different factions. Do you want to bring the light of Greek civilisation to the world? Do you want to vanquish Rome as Carthage? Or do you want to restore Egypt to greatness? In the game, you manage every aspect of your Empire, whether war, diplomacy, culture, or the development of your towns and cities.

Aggressors: Ancient Rome has a good deal of depth as a 4x, and it’s fairly extensive choice of factions, from barbarian tribes to ancient civilisations, allows for a variety of playstyles and campaigns. It also ain’t that bad to look at!

DLC expansions

None, but consider checking out spiritual sequel Imperiums: Greek Wars!