Abilities in Warhammer 40k 10th edition

10th edition Warhammer 40k unifies many Core Abilities and Weapon Abilities, making them part of the core rules, and uniform across factions

Warhammer 40k abilities - screenshot of Games Workshop's trailer for 10th edition 40k, a Space Marine firing a combi bolter

Warhammer 40k Abilities are the capabilities that weapons and units have that make them distinctive. Two guns might have the same Range, Strength and Armour Penetration stats, but one might be a Blast weapon for mowing down hordes, while another is an Anti-Vehicle weapon that can easily smash tanks.

Two similar units might be good at vastly different things, because one can Deep Strike and the other Fights First. This guide tracks every single ability, and explains how they work in-game.

We’ve seen similar rules in the 40k Codex rulebooks for each army before now, but part pf Games Workshop’s efforts to make Warhammer 40k 10th edition simplified without being simplistic is to move these abilities into the game’s core rules. This standardised list is shared across all the Warhammer 40k factions.

Read on to explore the full Warhammer 40k abilities list, or click on an ability in this table to jump to it:

Warhammer 40k Weapon Abilities

In the run up to 10th edition Warhammer 40k, Games Workshop revealed the first set of new Warhammer 40k weapon abilities, via a Warhammer Community article posted on April 14. Rather than being defined by a single “type”, such as Heavy or Assault, and a textbox of special rules, weapons pull from a selection of standardised ‘Weapon Abilities’.

Weapon Abilities aren’t mutually exclusive; WarCom gives the example of Bolt-rifles, which are now both Heavy and Assault weapons (effectively granting them two different firing modes). This is a big change to the Weapon Types system that has been in effect since 3rd edition 40k, which granted each weapon just one type.

These are all the Weapon Abilities in Warhammer 40k 10th edition:

Warhammer 40k 10th edition abilities - preview by Games Workshop of the Anti Weapon Ability


Anti-keyword X+ abilities allow models to score Critical Wounds (that is, automatic wounds irrespective of the target’s Toughness) against particular targets on to wound rolls of X or higher. So an Anti-Vehicle 3+ weapon scores a Critical Wound on a vehicle on any to-wound roll of 3+.

Some other Weapon Abilities, particularly Devastating Wounds, are triggered by scoring a Critical Wound, so the Anti- ability can make it easier to trigger those abilities.

Any keyword could appear in the Anti ability, but its most common to see Anti-Vehicle, Anti-Monster, or Anti-Infantry.


A unit that advances can still shoot its Assault weapons.


When shooting a Blast weapon, add one to the attack characteristic of the weapon for every five models in the target unit. So a Blast D6 weapon would have D6+2 shots against a unit with ten to fourteen models.


Conversion weapons are more powerful at longer range: when firing at a target at least 12″ away, they inflict Critical Hits on hit rolls of 4+. Critical Hits don’t do anything in and of themselves, but they can trigger other abilities, such as Lethal Hits or Sustained Hits.

Warhammer 40k 10th edition abilities - preview by Games Workshop of the Devastating Wounds Weapon Ability

Devastating Wounds

The wording for Devastating Wounds was updated in the Autumn 2023 balance dataslate. When a weapon with Devastating Wounds scores a Critical Wound (normally on a to-wound roll of six), the target cannot take saves or invulnerable saves against that wound.

As the rules were written in the Warhammer 40k core rulebook, Devastating Wounds meant that Critical Wounds inflicted mortal wounds. This is much more powerful than ignoring invulnerable saves when targeting multi-model units, as mortal wounds can spill over to multiple models.

Extra Attacks

When you declare melee attacks for a model you select just one of the melee weapons it’s armed with, plus any weapons with Extra Attacks. There’s no way to modify the number of attacks you make with an Extra Attacks weapon.


Hazardous weapons risk killing a shooter, or inflict mortal wounds if a character or large model is firing. When a unit fires Hazardous weapons you roll one D6 for each Hazardous weapon being fired. For each roll of a one, you’ll deal three mortal wounds if the weapon was fired by a Character, Vehicle, or Monster, or otherwise remove one model.

The 40k Core Rules specify that if a character firing a Hazardous weapon is attached to a unit, and you roll a one, you must still apply those mortals to the hapless Leader – no offloading the plasma overspill onto your troopers!

Warhammer 40k 10th edition abilities - preview by Games Workshop of the Heavy Weapon Ability


Units that Remain Stationary get +1 to hit with Heavy Weapons they fire that turn. Note that ‘Remain Stationary’ is a game term; if the unit declares a move but doesn’t go anywhere, it hasn’t Remained Stationary.

Indirect Fire

Indirect Fire weapons don’t need line of sight to the target they’re firing at, but you suffer a -1 to hit penalty, and the target gains the Benefit of Cover.

Ignores Cover

The Ignores Cover ability does just what it says on the tin – weapons with this ability ignore the Benefit of Cover.


On the turn that a unit Charges, any weapons with the Lance ability have +1 to wound.

Lethal Hits

Whenever you score a Critical Hit (normally by rolling a to-hit roll of six) with a Lethal Hits weapon, you don’t need to roll to wound, the attack wounds automatically.

If a weapon has both Lethal Hits and Sustained Hits and it scores a Critical Hit, it will cause one automatic wound, and generate one additional hit that must roll to wound as normal.

Linked Fire

So far, we’ve only seen the Linked Fire weapon ability on the Eldar Fire Prism datasheet, suggesting it’s a faction-specific ability. The Linked Fire ability allows one Fire Prism to draw line of sight and measure range to a target from another Fire Prism that it can see, effectively ‘relaying’ the shot through the friendly tank.

Warhammer 40k 10th edition abilities - preview by Games Workshop of the Melta Weapon Ability


Melta X weapons do an additional X damage against targets within half their weapon range: a Melta 2 weapon with a 24″ range would deal two extra wounds to targets within 12″.


The Pistol Weapon Ability works exactly as it did in 9th Edition: you can fire these weapons while in engagement range of enemy units (but only at units you’re in engagement range with.) If you choose to fire your Pistol outside of combat for any reason, you can’t fire any other ranged weapons that turn.


If your weapon has the Precision ability, when you attack a unit with an attached Character, you’ll be able to direct those attacks at the Character instead of its ‘bodyguard’ unit.

This character-sniping ability is going to be crucial in 10th, where most armies have strong buff rules incentivising you to tack Leader characters to your units.


Unlike previous editions of Warhammer 40k, 10th edition doesn’t have a separate Psychic phase. Instead, psykers will have additional abilities on their datasheet, including melee and ranged attacks with the Psychic Weapon Ability.

Psychic weapons don’t have any innate abilities, but some other abilities respond to them. The Space Marine terminator Librarian’s Psychic Hood ability grants it and any unit it joins Feel No Pain 4+ against Psychic attacks.

Warhammer 40k 10th edition abilities - preview by Games Workshop of the Rapid Fire Weapon Ability

Rapid Fire

Rapid Fire X weapons fire X extra shots against targets within half range; a Rapid Fire 2 weapon with a 24″ range would fire two extra shots at a target within 12″.

Warhammer 40k 10th edition abilities - preview by Games Workshop of the Sustained Hits Weapon Ability

Sustained Hits

A Sustained Hits X weapon inflicts an additional X hits on Critical Hit rolls: usually, this will be on to-hit rolls of six. A Sustained Hits 2 weapon would score two additional hits for every to-hit roll of six.

If a weapon has both Lethal Hits and Sustained Hits and it scores a Critical Hit, it will cause one automatic wound, and generate one additional hit that must roll to wound as normal.


Torrent weapons automatically hit.

Warhammer 40k 10th edition abilities - preview by Games Workshop of the Twin-Linked Weapon Ability


Twin-Linked weapons can re-roll To Wound rolls.

Warhammer 40k Core Abilities

Core Abilities appear on unit datasheets, granting that unit a special ability. We’ve seen several in various previews from Warhammer Community.

Deep Strike

Deep Strike functions the same as in 9th Edition – you can set up units in Reserves, and drop them into the game at the end of your Movement Phase, more than nine inches from enemy units. But, as things stand, there’s a big change afoot.

In 9th Edition, you couldn’t bring on any kind of Reserves units (Deep Strike, Teleport Strike, or otherwise) until Battle Round 2. As per the Core Rules for Deep Strike and Reinforcements more generally, 10th Edition has no such restriction.

This means that, unless it’s stipulated in the rules for the mission you’re playing, or GW amends this in a later rules update – turn one Deep Strikes are once again possible, leading to terrifying ‘alpha strike’ possibilities. Grey Knights players and owners of 20 Death Guard Blightlord Terminators will be rubbing their hands with glee…

Deadly Demise

When a unit with Deadly Demise X loses its last wound, roll D6. On a a six, the unit deals X mortal wounds to all units within range of the explosion.

Fights First

The Fight Phase is now split into the ‘Fights First’ step and the ‘Remaining Combats’ step; if your unit has Fights First, it’ll get to make its attacks in that first step of the Fight Phase, potentially getting the drop on a slower opponent that has to wait for the Remaining Combats.

This becomes super important when combined with a key tweak from 9th into 10th Edition: units still take turns to do their melee attacks during the Fight Phase, but it’s now the defender, not the charging attacker, who gets the first go.

Thus, if you want your big charge to have maximum impact, weakening the enemy before they get a chance to hit back – well, you better have Fights First, otherwise they’re always going to get the first swing.

Firing Deck

A vehicle unit with Firing Deck X can make additional ranged attacks in the shooting phase using up to X weapons held by models embarked on the vehicle.

It’s the vehicle that makes the attacks, not the passengers, so any buffs or debuffs that apply to the vehicle’s shooting will apply to these attacks as well.


If every model in a unit has the Infiltrators ability, the unit can be deployed anywhere on the board more than nine inches away from an enemy unit.


Leaders are character models that can join other squads during deployment. That squad becomes their bodyguard, protecting the leader from almost all attacks until the bodyguard has been destroyed.

Leaders are restricted to joining certain kinds of units, and usually, only one leader can join any squad. There are exceptions: for example the Primaris Lieutenant can join the same squad as a Captain.

Lone Operative

Lone operatives can’t be targeted by enemies more than 12″ away.


Units with the Scouts X” ability get a free X” move after deployment.


If every model in your unit has the Stealth ability, then ranged attacks targeting that unit take a minus one to the hit roll.