D&D: Rogue 5E class guide – we aim to misbehave

Stealth, steel and stealing stuff - make the most of DnD 5E’s most mischievous class with our in-depth Rogue 5E guide

Along with the Fighter, Wizard, and Cleric, the Rogue was right there in the first edition of Dungeons and Dragons. When you consider how many different heroic and antiheroic archetypes are contained within the Rogue, that’s no surprise: a Rogue could be an assassin, cutpurse, thief, smuggler, conman, private eye, bounty hunter, vigilante, pirate, spy…

It’s important to know what kind of campaign your DM is running so you can plan your Rogue appropriately. The class feature Expertise makes Rogues more skilful than any other. If wilderness survival, investigation, fiendish traps or courtly intrigue will play a bigger role in your campaign than combat, judicious choice of backgrounds, skill proficiencies and Expertise will make you the match of any other character in the party.

But make no mistake: with their deadly Sneak Attack, Rogues can be a linchpin damage dealing character. Appearing from the shadows to assassinate a high-value target, such as an enemy healer or spellcaster, is a good strategy for a Rogue to tip the balance of a fight in the party’s favour. Rogues are nimble, yet fragile, using skills like Stealth and Acrobatics, and their class feature Cunning Action, to keep themselves out of the line of fire, then manoeuvre into the perfect position to exploit the enemy’s vulnerabilities.

This article is a deep dive into the Rogue, to help you get the most from your character. But if you’ve still not decided which class to play in your next campaign, try our D&D 5E classes guide to get you started.

D&D artwork showing drow rogues sneaking along a boardwalk

ROGUE STATS 5E

Hit Dice 1D8 Per Level
HP at Lvl Up 1D8 [or 5] + Constitution modifier
Primary ability score Dexterity, then Intelligence, Charisma or Wisdom
Armour proficiency Light Armour
Weapon proficiency Simple Weapons, Hand Crossbows, Longswords, Rapiers, Shortswords
Tool proficiency Thieves’ Tools
Saving throws Dexterity, Intelligence

Dexterity is the king of stats for the Rogue. You’ll spend your adventuring career wearing light armour, so your Dex bonus is critical to boosting your armour class and keeping your insides where they belong. Rogues can only make Sneak Attacks using ranged or finesse melee weapons, so Dexterity will govern your attack bonus and boost your damage output.

Make sure to maximise your Dexterity at every opportunity

And, if that wasn’t enough, Dexterity controls the Stealth, Acrobatics and Sleight of Hand skills, a useful toolbox that will help you remain undetected, get to places you shouldn’t be, and then pilfer stuff when you get there. Make sure to maximise your Dexterity at every opportunity.

What you prioritise next will depend on your subclass. The Arcane Trickster needs Intelligence to power her spells, the Inquisitive uses Wisdom to survive inside and outside combat, while the Swashbuckler benefits from a high Charisma score. Other Rogue subclasses don’t rely on a secondary ability as heavily to be combat effective, so you can be guided by what you want to do outside combat.

D&D 5E class guide rogue portrait

There isn’t a natural ‘dump’ stat for the Rogue. Charisma makes a Rogue into a silver-tongued liar, charming rascal or intimidating villain. Extra hit points from a Constitution bonus are welcome for such a lightly-armoured class.

At low levels, a single hit point can be the difference between life and death, and from level five your Uncanny Dodge ability means that, if you’re only hit once per turn, your hit points will last twice as long as everyone else’s.

Full attack: Read our comprehensive Fighter 5E guide

Wisdom boosts the Perception and Insight skills, which are key abilities if you want a Rogue who can root out secrets, whether that’s a hidden stash of loot, or a character who’s lying to you. Though you don’t use Strength for your melee attacks, it controls the Athletics skill, which Rogues often use when they’re climbing walls, or jumping into the canal to swim away from the law.

Resist the temptation to make a jack of all trades – work out what’s most important to your character, and accept that committing to it means being weaker in other areas.

D&D artwork showing a rogue sneaking through a dungeon containing a many headed ogre

HIDING

As Rogues spend so much of their time evading detection and get so much benefit from making attacks that ambush their enemy, it’s worth talking with your DM to check you are on the same page about how the “stealth” skill actually works.

A simulation-loving DM might only allow you to attempt to use the stealth skill if you can provide a clear explanation of your infiltration technique, while a narrative-loving DM might give some leeway and introduce features to the scene that make sense of a good stealth roll. The narrative DM will add a cart and haywagon to an empty street after you make a good stealth roll, while the simulation loving DM might not even let you roll.

It’s not possible to hide while you’re being observed, and in combat it’s usually assumed that once the participants are aware of each other they will remain aware. But if you’re able to break line of sight with a foe by filling the room with smoke, opening a paddock full of bucking elk into the battlefield, or just turning all the lights out, you can certainly attempt to hide again.

D&D artwork showing a goblin character with a knife

ROGUE CLASS FEATURES 5E

Rogues tend to have more physical, less magical abilities, though subclasses like the Arcane Trickster and Soulknife are an exception. Just because your abilities are corporeal doesn’t mean they aren’t powerful and fun to play with, however. You’ll gain the following key Class Features early in your adventuring career that define how all Rogues play.

blending in

blending in

To really become a master of stealth, pick the Skulker feat. Among its benefits, you can hide when only “lightly obscured” - in dim light, patchy fog, moderate foliage, or (we like to think) standing behind a curtain.

Thieves’ Cant

Thieves’ Cant is a special slang used by thieves to slip secret messages into normal conversation, encode messages, or leave secret information for other thieves in plain view. This feature is very flavourful, but it’s most likely to come into play in urban campaigns, or adventures involving the underside of civilization.

SNEAK ATTACK

Starting from first level, Rogues can apply a Sneak Attack bonus to a damage roll once per round, provided they had advantage on the attack roll or the attack wasn’t made with disadvantage and the target was fighting with another character within five feet. The bonus starts at 1d6 and increases every two levels, and, as it’s dice rather than a static value, critical hits will double it. Getting a critical hit with a rogue is like rolling a shotgun blast of d6s across the table. To make the most of this damage, you need to maximise your opportunities to land those Sneak Attacks.

The most sure-fire way to enable your sneak attacks is to pair up with a buddy who can get within five feet. But this won’t always be an option, especially when prime targets like casters and healers prefer to hide on the periphery of the battlefield. You need to be proactive and seek out advantage.

D&D artwork showing a female human rogue stalking prey with a rapier, hood and mask

Beginning a fight in an ambush position is a great way to do it, but this may be your only attack from hiding in a fight, so use it wisely. If you’re playing with the Group patrons rules from Tasha’s Cauldron of Everything, your allies will be able to give you advantage once per long rest from the Group Assistance feature.

If your GM uses the optional rules for Facing from the Dungeon Master’s Guide, from level two you can easily give yourself advantage by using your Cunning Action to freely disengage and move behind an enemy.

Divine devastation: Read our full Cleric 5E D&D class guide

But, as you’re playing a Rogue, you probably have a flair for the dramatic. Take advantage of your character’s diverse skills and unsavoury lifestyle, roleplay your heart out, and ensure the GM is always giving you Inspiration points!

Although you can only add Sneak Attack damage once per turn, attacking twice doubles your chances of landing a hit. A Rogue that doesn’t dual wield needs to have a good reason for it – or be very confident they’re always going to have advantage.

D&D artwork showing a dagger, grappling hook and a small treasure chest

EXPERTISE

At first level, and again at sixth level, Rogues pick two of their skill proficiencies (or a skill proficiency and their proficiency with thieves’ tools) and double the bonus they receive. This can compensate for skills held back by your dump stat, or push your best skills to heights no other character can match. Stealth and Sleight of Hand are classic Rogue skills, and great choices both.

Rogues can become the party’s expert on anything they like

But, if you’re playing in a campaign with less combat and more focus on mysteries, social conflict or wilderness exploration, you can use your background or race to pick up a useful skill proficiency, combined with Expertise, to become the best in the party. It can be embarrassing for the Ranger when the Rogue has a higher Survival skill bonus!

CUNNING ACTION

Starting from second level, Rogues can use a bonus action to Dash, Disengage or Hide. This makes Rogues dynamic combatants, able to remove themselves from unfavourable combats, reposition without sacrificing their attack, or even disappear completely if they can make their opponent lose sight of them. Rogues never fight fair: pick your battles.

D&D artwork showing a hooded Kenku rogue with a shortsword and bow

UNCANNY DODGE

From fifth level, Rogues can use their reaction to halve the damage they receive from an attack, provided they can see the enemy that made it. This is a powerful reaction ability that will greatly increase your survivability, but it doesn’t make Rogues frontline fighters. If you take more than one hit a turn, you’ll quickly be overwhelmed.

EVASION

Another potent defensive boost, at seventh level Rogues become more adept at escaping from area of effect attacks – like fireballs and breath weapons – that allow you to reduce the damage suffered if you can succeed on a Dexterity save.

Rogues take no damage at all if they pass this Dexterity save, and only half damage if they fail. You’ll get this ability two levels after the party Wizard unlocks Fireball, so you should already have a good idea how deadly AOE spells can be…

BEST ROGUE RACES 5E

Rogues lean hard on their Dexterity stat, so any race that starts with a +2 Dex bonus is promising.

They also like to be in the right place at the right time to trigger their Sneak Attack, or remove themselves from an unfavourable situation – so movement capabilities like the Eladrin and Shadar-kai teleportation, or the Swiftstride Shifter’s bonus speed and disengagement reaction are brilliant. If your DM allows non-core content, the treefrog-like Grung make brilliant assassins – they literally sweat poison!

Below we’ve made some selections for races that will make powerful rogues in any campaign.

D&D artwork showing a podgy halfling rogue character in brightly coloured clothing

Lightfoot Halfling

Just as the Hobbit Bilbo Baggins is the archetypal fantasy thief, the Halfling is a go-to choice for Rogues. All Halflings have +2 Dex and Halfling Nimbleness, allowing them to move through a space occupied by a larger creature – nothing can stop them from closing with their target or escaping from their foes, except for their stumpy 25-foot movement speed… They’re also Brave, giving them advantage on fear effects, and Lucky, giving you a free reroll on any d20 roll of a 1 – a small but welcome buff to your accuracy.

Oathbound: Read our full Paladin 5E D&D class guide

Lightfoot Halflings have +1 Cha, making them effective dissemblers, and are Naturally Stealthy, letting them make a Hide action, even when only obscured by a creature one size category larger than them – they can literally hide behind the party tank, and pop out to attack with advantage. The Sage Advice Compendium clarifies that yes, this does work even when the enemy sees you running behind there, so have fun!

D&D artwork showing a wood elf rogue with a bow

Wood Elf

Sharing Darkvision, +2 Dex, proficiency in Perception, advantage against Charm spells and immunity to magical sleep, every Elf subrace is a good start for a Rogue. But Wood Elves are particularly well suited.

Fleet of Foot adds five feet to their movement speed, and Mask of the Wild makes it possible to hide, even when only lightly obscured by weather or foliage, making them fearsome woodland ambushers (- and yes, just like the Lightfoot Halfling’s Naturally Stealthy ability, you can do this even when an enemy is watching you).

Elf Weapon Training grants proficiency with the Longbow, making them effective ranged Rogues who can be sure of having advantage as long as they are in their woodland homes.

D&D artwork showing a Kobold armed with a sling

Kobold

The most fragile of all Rogues, Kobolds are small, have disadvantage on attack rolls and Wisdom (Perception) checks in bright sunlight, and only gain +2 Dex.

But they’re more compensated for this in the form of Darkvision, and the incredible Pack Tactics, which grants them advantage on attacks made against enemies within 5’ of one of their allies.

Play as a coward and snipe your foes with ranged attacks and advantage every turn – then, when they finally close on you, use the Grovel, Cower and Beg ability (once per short rest) to grant your allies advantage on attacks against enemies within ten feet of you.

D&D artwork showing an Aarakocra rogue in flight

Aarakocra

What could be an easier way to get the jump on your foes than soaring down from the sky? Aarakocra have a 50ft flight speed provided they don’t use medium or heavy armour, which won’t be an impediment for your Rogue.

Bangin’ tunes: Read our full Bard 5E D&D class guide

They also have +2 Dex and +1 Wis, making them perceptive and accurate, perfect traits for an archer, and well suited to the Inquisitive archetype.

D&D artwork showing a Changeling rogue character in a long cloak and hood

Changeling

The ultimate masters of disguise, the Changeling’s Shapechanger ability is the ultimate disguise kit. By using an action, they can completely alter their appearance, mimicking an individual they have seen before – or even another race, provided it has the same number of limbs!

Changelings should be able to open every combat with a surprise round

Combine this with +2 Cha, +1 in another stat of their choice, and proficiency in two skills from Deception, Insight, Intimidation and Persuasion, and it’s easy to see why Changeling Rogues are master infiltrators, equally at home dealing with courtly intrigue, or infiltrating the villain’s lair. Changelings should be able to open every combat with a surprise round, before their opponents have a chance to react.

D&D artwork showing a Tabaxi thief rifling through a backpack

Tabaxi

Like halflings, these cat-people are natural born rogues. They start with +2 Dex and +1 Cha, and racial proficiency in Stealth and Perception, abilities you are likely to want to invest in anyway. Tabaxi have Darkvision, always handy for a Rogue.

Their Cats Claws give them a back-up unarmed strike in case they’re ever disarmed, but more importantly, they grant a climbing speed of 20ft. This is an amazing boost for a Rogue.

Dark bargains: Read our full Warlock 5E D&D class guide

Tabaxi can abandon Strength as a total dump stat, as they won’t need it to boost their Athletics skill to assist with climbing checks. Sure, they won’t be able to swim – but that’s quite in character for a cat person. Just check you’re not playing in the Ghosts of Saltmarsh setting before you commit to your aquaphobic Tabaxi.

Their Feline Agility ability allows them to double their speed for one round, and recharges when they spend a turn stationary. Combine that with a free dash action, and a Tabaxi Rogue can move 120 feet in the first turn of combat – usually enough distance to put your twin shortswords into the kidneys of a wizard who thought he was safe at the back of the battlefield!

D&D artwork showing a Tiefling rogue in purple armour with a dagger

Feral Tiefling

With +2 Dex, +Int, and Darkvision, this Tiefling variant is a natural infiltrator who will be hard to spot, but won’t miss anything themselves. Hellish Resistance reduces their fire damage, making them exceptionally survivable when the Wizard gets trigger happy with her Fireball, or a trap disarmament goes wrong.

Takes all kinds: Read our guide to all the D&D 5E races

But the most useful feature is a simple cantrip provided by the Infernal Legacy racial ability at first level – Thaumaturgy. This spell’s effects are mostly for show, but some – like creating an instantaneous sound somewhere within 30 feet, or causing a door to fly open – can be used to distract enemies, saving the Rogue from detection, or misdirecting their foes in combat.

D&D artwork showing an arcane trickster rogue casting a spell on an armoured character

ROGUE ARCHETYPES: Subclasses 5e

At third level, your Rogue will pick an archetype, giving you plenty of scope to customise your character and break the rules in the way you most enjoy.

ARCANE TRICKSTER

Rogue Level Subclass Feature
3rd Spellcasting, Mage Hand Legerdemain
9th Magical Ambush
13th Versatile Trickster
17th Spell Thief

Arcane Trickster Spells

Spell slots at each spell level
Rogue Level Cantrips known Spells known 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
3rd 3 3 2
4th 3 4 3
5th 3 4 3
6th 3 4 3
7th 3 5 4 2
8th* 3 6 4 2
9th 3 6 4 2
10th 4 7 4 3
11th 4 8 4 3
12th 4 8 4 3
13th 4 9 4 3 2
14th* 4 10 4 3 2
15th 4 10 4 3 2
16th 4 11 4 3 3
17th 4 11 4 3 3
18th 4 11 4 3 3
19th* 4 12 4 3 3 1

Spells must be from the Wizard Illusion or Enchantment school, except when the Rogue gains a spell on a level marked with an * .

Spell save DC = 8 + Int modifier + Proficiency modifier
Spell attack bonus = Int modifier + Proficiency modifier
Found in: Player’s Handbook

The Arcane Trickster is the choice if you want to dabble in the arcane, but still fancy your hand at a bit of larceny and backstabbing – or if you really want to embody the chaotic neutral energy of Marvel’s Loki. Rogues play dirty, and Arcane Tricksters might play dirtiest of all.

The Arcane Trickster is a spellcaster, and uses Intelligence for its spellcasting ability. Races with both a Dexterity and an Intelligence bonus are good picks. The High Elf and Forest Gnome are great, and come with handy cantrips to add to their spellcasting armament.

Time to specialise: Read our guide to the best D&D 5E feats

Arcane Tricksters have a restricted spell-set, only going up to level 4 spells, and mostly restricted to the Enchantment and Illusion spell schools from the Wizard spell list. These spells meddle with your foe’s perceptions, charming, befuddling and deceiving them.

Fortunately, some of the best spells in the game are available. Disguise Self, Charm Person, and Invisibility can ensure your infiltrations are successful, Blur and Mirror Image are powerful defensive buffs, while Sleep, Hold Person and Tasha’s Hideous Laughter are great levellers to keep hordes of mooks or potent enemies out of a fight.

The Arcane Trickster puts a Roguish twist on their spells, too. Mage Hand Legerdemain lets the trickster use the Sleight of Hand skill with their telekinetic cantrip. The powerful Magical Ambush, gained at ninth level, gives enemies disadvantage on any saves made against the trickster’s spells cast from hiding. You won’t cast many spells, but the ones you do will be very reliable.

D&D artwork showing a cloaked assassin hanging off a castle wall

ASSASSIN

Rogue Level Subclass Feature
3rd Assassinate, Proficiency with Disguise Kit and Poisoner’s Kit
9th Infiltration Expertise
13th Imposter
17th Death Strike

Found in: Player’s Handbook

The Assassin is a truly murderous Rogue archetype that doubles down on dirty fighting and deception. The Assassinate feature is extremely powerful, granting advantage on attacks made against enemies who haven’t acted yet in the initiative sequence. If you surprise your enemies and get a high initiative roll, you’ll start combat with two turns of attacks, with advantage, before your enemy gets to respond. The Alert feat provides a +5 initiative bonus, a great way to enable this.

Assassins have plenty of tools to ensure they do surprise their enemies. Their Proficiency with the disguise kit, Infiltration Expertise (which lets them cheaply create foolproof fake identities) and Imposter (an ability to unerringly mimic the behaviour of another person they have observed) features allow them to get to a priority target undetected. For the ultimate, undetectable infiltrator, a Changeling Assassin is impossible to detect without magic.

To make the most of an ambush, Poisoner’s Kit proficiency lets Assassins brew basic poison between adventures to make their attacks deadlier, or extract them from the fangs of defeated enemies. Consider the Criminal background for the Criminal Contact feature, opening up markets where you can buy and sell new poisons and venoms.

D&D artwork showing a rogue Inquisitive creating a new disguise from clothing items

INQUISITIVE

Rogue Level Subclass Feature
3rd Ear for Deceit, Eye for Deetail, Insightful Fighting
9th Steady Eye
13th Unerring Eye
17th Eye for Weakness

Found in: Xanathar’s Guide to Everything

The Inquisitive is a master of observation, drawing on the archetype of the noir detective to create a Roguish character with a knack for weaselling out the truth.

Ear for Deceit means they’ll never roll worse than an eight when rolling Wisdom (Insight) to detect a lie, and Eye for Detail turns Wisdom (Perception) checks to detect hidden creatures, and Intelligence (Insight) checks to find and decipher clues, into bonus actions instead of standard actions. These traits make Inquisitives hard to ambush successfully, and let them quickly finish an investigation if the heat suddenly turns up.

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You could easily imagine Inquisitives only work in roleplaying-heavy, combat-light campaigns. Not so – their Insightful Fighting feature is actually a powerful combat buff.

By making a Wisdom (Insight) check contested by an enemy’s Charisma (Deception) check, the Inquisitive decodes the enemy’s fighting style and can make Sneak Attacks against them without having advantage, provided they don’t have disadvantage on their attack rolls.

We imagine this works like the bare-knuckle-boxing scene in the Robert Downey Jr. Sherlock Holmes movie.

D&D artwork showing characters including a Rogue Mastermind planning a heist with markings on a map

MASTERMIND

Rogue Level Subclass Feature
3rd Master of Intrigue, Master of Tactics
9th Insightful Manipulator
13th Misdirection
17th Soul of Deceit

Found in: Xanathar’s Guide to Everything, Sword Coast Adventurer’s Guide

The Mastermind is an odd Rogue, with few combat abilities of their own, but some subtle tools to manipulate the flow of a battle by ensuring their allies land their critical attacks.

Half of the Mastermind’s starting abilities only really affect social and political conflicts. The Master of Intrigue feature is actually a package of buffs: proficiency with the disguise kit, forgery kit, one gaming set, and two languages of their choice. They can also perfectly fake any accent that they’ve heard. The 9th level feature Insightful Manipulator gives the Mastermind information about the stats and class levels of another creature you interact with for at least a minute.

You won’t get to play much with this half of the Mastermind unless your game features gangs, guilds or politics, so check what kind of campaign your GM plans to run if this is what excites you about the archetype.

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The other ability Masterminds gain at level three, Master of Tactics, has more obvious utility. The Mastermind can use the Help action as a bonus action, effectively giving an ally advantage on an attack against a foe, and, whenever they use the Help ability, they can target a creature within 30 feet, instead of the usual five feet.

This includes using their main action for Help. Remember, you’ll usually contribute more damage to a fight by making your own attack than by giving an ally advantage. But if you’re facing enemies with damage resistance to your attacks, Masterminds can turn into support characters in a pinch!

D&D artwork showing an elf rogue phantom carrying two daggers and wearing light armour with a hood

PHANTOM

Rogue Level Subclass Feature
3rd Whispers of the Dead, Wails from the Grave
9th Tokens of the Departed
13th Ghost Walk
17th Death’s Friend

Found in: Tasha’s Cauldron of Everything

The Phantom is a shadowy Rogue, touched by the plane of death. Their abilities are connected to the dead, and, particularly, to the spirits of creatures that die around them. Fortunately, there won’t be any shortage of those…

Whispers of the Dead allows the Phantom to gain any skill or tool proficiency from their communion with the departed once per short or long rest. This makes Phantoms extremely versatile: give them an hour and they’ll have a +2 bonus to any skill check.

Wails from the Grave is a useful combat trick. A number of times equal to their proficiency bonus per long rest, when they successfully deal Sneak Attack damage, the Phantom can target another creature within 30’ of the first and deal half as many Sneak Attack dice (rounding up) in Necrotic damage.

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This damage doesn’t need to hit and doesn’t allow a save, so it’s a good way to put damage on targets with high AC or magical defences. Just sneak attack a goon with low AC and a stack of hit points, and chain damage into their tougher-shelled boss. It’s also a convenient way to finish off targets hanging in the fight by a single hit point.

At ninth level, Tokens of the Departed grants the ability to crystallise the spirit of creatures that die within 30 feet into a Soul Trinket as a reaction, provided the Phantom has a free hand. They can carry up to their proficiency bonus in Soul Trinkets. These give advantage on death and Constitution saving throws while on the Phantom’s person, and can be crushed to provide extra charges for Wails from the Grave, or to ask a question of the spirit trapped within.

Unless you capture the soul of someone you really need to speak to in a trinket, you should aim to constantly burn through your Soul Trinkets in a fight – chaff enemies and fragile skirmishers will die quickly if you keep spending your Soul Trinkets, and will fill those charges back up for you.

D&D artwork showing a Tabaxi scout rogue with a bow

SCOUT

Rogue Level Subclass Feature
3rd Skirmisher, Survivalist
9th Superior Mobility
13th Ambush Master
17th Sudden Strike

Found in: Xanathar’s Guide to Everything

Want to play a wilderness character, but don’t want to touch magic? Always felt that it was weird that Rangers had magic spells? Really miss playing tag or bulldog on the playground? The Scout is the Rogue subclass for you.

Scouts are adept in nature, gaining a double proficiency bonus in Nature and Survival from the Survivalist feature. Don’t forget that Nature proficiency has a combat application, as you can use it to extract the venom from slain or incapacitated venomous creatures, even without a poisoner’s kit.

Scouts are extremely mobile, even by the standards of Rogues. The Skirmisher feature gives them a new reaction, allowing them to move up to half their speed without provoking opportunity attacks when an enemy ends its turn within five feet of them.

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You only get one reaction per turn, and, once you get Uncanny Dodge at level five, you’ll sometimes have a hard choice between reducing the damage from a big hit, or using Skirmisher to get out of the way. Skirmishing away is the right defensive choice if it puts you out of engagement range of other enemies who haven’t yet closed the distance, and it’s the right offensive choice if it will bring you closer to a high value target.

At higher levels, Superior Mobility will increase all your movement speeds by ten feet (including swimbing, climbing and flying), while Ambush Master gives you advantage on Initiative rolls, and grants all your allies advantage on hit rolls against the first enemy you hit in the first round of combat. Use this to scalpel out a priority enemy or, if they’re particularly chunky, let your team layer them with debuffs so they hardly participate in the fight.

Races like the Wood Elf and Deep Gnome, which have advantages to hide checks in certain terrain types, can make untouchable Scouts in the right environment, using Skirmish to disengage from foes during the enemy turn, then Hiding easily as a free action on their turn, so they can immediately launch a ranged Sneak Attack with advantage.

Or, if you want a combat-focused Rogue that bounces around the battlefield like a pinball, the Mobile feat grants another 10’ of movement, the ability to ignore difficult terrain when Dashing, and immunity from opportunity attacks made by any enemy that the Rogue has targeted with a melee attack.

D&D artwork showing a male halfling soulknife rogue, brandishing his soulblades

SOULKNIFE

Rogue Level Subclass Feature
3rd Psionic Power, Psi-bolstered Knack, Psychic Whispers, Psychic Blades
9th Soul Blades: Homing Strikes, Psychic Teleportation
13th Psychic Veil
17th Rend Mind

Found in: Tasha’s Cauldron of Everything

What’s cooler than fighting with a blade in each hand? Fighting with a psychic blade in each hand.

The Soulknife has a pool of Psionic Energy dice that can be expended to use psionic abilities. They have a pool of these equal to twice their proficiency bonus to spend every long rest, though once per long rest they can also use a bonus action to recoup a single die. These start as D6, but increase in size as they level up.

Psi-Bolstered Knack allows them to add the result of a Psionic Energy die to the result of a failed check with a skill or tool they are proficient in, only expending the die if they pass the roll. This makes them very dependable in their specialised skill domain.

Psychic Whispers lets them create a telepathic link with a number of creatures equal to their proficiency bonus, that they can see, for a number of hours equal to the roll of one Psionic Energy die. The first Psychic Whispers per long rest is free, too, so they can set up the link before setting off on any solo stealthing.

Psychic Whispers could easily be overlooked as a combat ability. Feeding the party up-to-the minute combat data on an enemy you’re reconnoitring lets you set up perfect ambushes.

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Capitalise on this by choosing Expertise in Athletics to help maneuver into a vantage point, or a class like the Tabaxi or Aarakocra with special movement speeds, and load points into Wisdom for Perception checks to ensure you don’t miss a thing.

The title power of the Soulknife is its Psychic Blades, which allow them to manifest a psychic blade in one or both of their hands whenever they take the attack action: these are finesse melee weapons that can be thrown up to 60 feet- the first deals d6 psychic damage, while the second deals d4.

At first sight, these blades might seem underwhelming; they’re basically a shortsword and dagger. But a Soulknife can never be disarmed, never has to draw or drop a weapon, and always has their hands free at any time other than when they’re attacking. Compensating for the fact the blades can’t be replaced with +1 or better magical weapons, at 9th level the Soul Blades ability allows the Soulknife to expend Psionic Energy dice to bolster the attack roll on a missed attack, or teleport to a spot that they target with the knife.

The Soulknife is first to the draw in any combat that starts with weapons sheathed, and will always pass muster when patted down by a bodyguard. Just remember that they aren’t actually armed, except when they’re attacking, so they can’t gain the +1AC bonus from the Dual Wielder feat.

D&D artwork showing a human male rogue swashbuckler with a sabre and a great big bushy beard

SWASHBUCKLER

Rogue Level Subclass Feature
3rd Fancy Footwork, Rakish Audacity
9th Panache
13th Elegant Manoeuvre
17th Master Duelist

Found in: Xanathar’s Guide to Everything

Fancy a dashing, rather than dastardly rogue? The swashbuckler channels the spirit of expert and charming duelists like the Three Musketeers, or Errol Flynn’s sword-duelling Robin Hood.

Fancy Footwork prevents any enemy that the Swashbuckler has made a melee attack against from taking opportunity attacks against them. This allows the Swashbuckler to pick and choose their melee battles; remember that Rogues can use Dash as a bonus action, and you can make your attack(s) at any point during your moves, so a Swashbuckler has plenty of options: darting into and out of engagement range with a slow-moving enemy, or landing a drive-by attack, as they run past a guard towards their real target.

Rakish Audacity gives two more compelling bonuses. Swashbucklers add their Charisma bonus to initiative rolls, helping them to set the terms of a combat. But, more importantly, they can make Sneak Attacks against enemies they don’t have advantage against, provided they’re within 5’, don’t have disadvantage, and no other allies are within 5’ of them. They’re deadly duellists.

As they won’t usually be attacking with advantage, Swashbucklers need to dual wield more than most Rogues to ensure they land a hit and trigger that Sneak Attack damage. The Dual Wielder feat is a great companion, giving them +1 AC and allowing them to dual wield weapons that aren’t light (a pair of Rapiers is the ideal choice).

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The ninth-level feature Panache allows them to turn on the charm, making a Charisma (Persuasion) check as an action to change the mood of a creature. If they’re not an enemy, this works like a magic-less version of the Charm spell. If they are an enemy, they have disadvantage on any attacks they make against anyone other than the Swashbuckler. This lasts for a minute or until one of your allies intercedes and breaks off the duel.

Make sure you don’t bite off more than you can chew – the Swashbuckler is still a squishy Rogue. Your goal is to get into duels you can win, not pull heat away from the rest of the party.

D&D artwork showing a gnome thief running away from Xanathar the beholder

THIEF

Rogue Level Subclass Feature
3rd Fast Hands, Second-Story Work
9th Supreme Sneak
13th Use Magic Device
17th Thief’s Reflexes

Found in: Player’s Handbook

In the very first paper pamphlet for Dungeons and Dragons, the OG Rogue was actually called the Thief. The Thief subclass brings back that flavour, with a Rogue who brings archetypal Rogue exploration abilities into combat.

The starting ability Second-Story Work makes Thieves faster climbers and gives them a longer running jump, while Fast Hands adds Sleight of Hand checks, disarming traps, opening locks and ‘Using’ objects to the list of things they can do with a Bonus Action. If you’re fighting in a chamber with a ceiling gradually descending to crush you, having two attempts to disarm the trap per turn (or one attempt and a combat action, if there are enemies in the room too) will certainly help the party’s chances of success.

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Likewise, scarpering into the rafters to shoot your enemies from above, or spending the surprise round of a battle on two Sleight of Hand checks to remove a wizard’s component pouch and replace it with a bag of Essence of Ether, can make for entertaining combats.

At higher levels, Thieves become sneakier, and capable of using magical items without meeting any prerequisites (another call-back to earlier versions of Rogues) – they’re a real love letter to the past. But leveraging their abilities into combat advantage relies on your DM providing interesting combat scenarios and arenas. You’ll get the most from them if you love being creative, and your GM is supportive.

ROGUE BUILDS 5E

Though all Rogues share a core skillset of sneaking and stabbing, and there’s never a good reason not to buff up your Rogue’s Dexterity, they’re still an incredibly varied class with deep specialisms.

D&D artwork showing a gnome rogue investigating a treasure chest, with a ferret on their shoulder

DEEP GNOME MAGEHUNTER

With a high damage output, the ability to reduce the damage from area of effect spells, and mobility to choose their own position on the battlefield, Rogues are well-placed to hunt out fragile mages who prefer to stay on the fringes of the battlefield. This Arcane Trickster aims to ensure that enemy casters get no sleep, and will be cathartic to play for anyone who’s ever lost a treasured hero to a well-placed spell.

Ability Scores

As ever, Dexterity is your most important stat, followed by Intelligence, which will be your spellcasting ability. Wisdom and Constitution are good choices to follow, as they will boost your survivability against enemy magic.

Details

  • Pick the Deep Gnome subtype as your race, granting you +2 Int, +1 Dex, 120 feet of darkvision, and the ability to hide when only lightly concealed by rocky terrain. As a gnome, you gain advantage on all Charisma, Intelligence and Wisdom saves against the effect of magic, sure to irritate any wizard you’re up against.
  • Pick a background that provides Arcana skill proficiency (such as a Sage or Cloistered Scholar) and gain Expertise in it. You need to be able to identify spells and enchantments to successfully infiltrate a wizard’s magically defended sanctum.
  • Kit yourself out with as much of the standard Rogue gear as you can afford – studded leather armour for 12+Dex Bonus AC, two shortswords, and a bow, each dealing d6 piercing damage. While you’re at it, see if you can’t acquire some live bookworms and some disappearing ink. Nothing tells a Wizard you’ve got it out for her like putting bookworms in her library.
  • When you hit level three, pick the Arcane Trickster subclass. You’ll automatically gain the Mage Hand cantrip, and should pick Lightning Lure and Booming Blade as your other cantrips. The aim here is to drag unwary Wizards towards you using Lightning Lure, and then hit them with Booming Blade, so that trying to escape punishes them.
  • You’ll gain three first-level Illusion and Enchantment spells. Pick Sleep, a truly classic tool for rendering weak enemies unconscious, and Colour Spray, a tool that can blind enemies for a turn without any saves allowed. It’s a nice combat opener, or the ultimate smoke bomb to make good your escape.
  • At fourth level, pick up the Mage Slayer Feat. Spellcasters you harm have disadvantage on their Concentration check to maintain spells, you can make a reaction attack whenever they cast a spell within five feet of you, and you’ll gain advantage on saving throws against spells cast by creatures within five feet of you. Once you close with a mage, whether they try and run, or try and stay, you’ll be able to attack them.
  • At level seven, make sure you pick up Hold Person. This will paralyse your target, giving attacks against them advantage, and turning hits from attacks made within five feet into automatic criticals.
  • At eighth and higher levels, boost your Dexterity and Intelligence to make your spells harder to resist, and consider the Svirfneblin Magic racial feat to add a suite of deceptive spells to your toolbox that won’t use up your spellcasting slots.
  • From ninth level, your enemies will have disadvantage on saves against any spells you cast from hiding, so let that bonus guide your choices – though you’re best off avoiding spells that allow an Intelligence save, as this is where your prey of choice will be strongest. Crown of Madness is an interesting tool to turn a spellcaster’s bodyguards into a liability.
  • At level eight, 14, and 20, you’ll be able to pick a spell from any spell list; it’s hard to beat Fireball for your level 14 pick. Although you get it well after the Wizard, your enemies will suffer disadvantage on their attempts to escape it.

D&D artwork showing a group of kobolds stealing treasure

KOBOLD MICROMANAGER

This build relies on underlings your gallant allies to deal out damage, while you hide 30 feet behind them and fire into combat. You’ll use your allies as shields, and to set you up for advantage and sneak attack bonuses; then, from level three, you’ll be able to return the favour by handing out advantage to your allies. This is a fragile, technical Rogue that can tune up your team’s combat performance while bringing lots of damage of their own.

Ability Scores

Like most Rogues, you should maximise your Dexterity score first – if you’re using points buy for your stats, push it as high as you dare. Charisma will come next, allowing you to cajole your underlings and blag your way out of trouble. Intelligence and Wisdom will keep you aware of potential threats, and Strength and Constitution can be your dump stats.

Details

  • Pick Kobold as your race, the perfect start for a cowardly, backline character. This gives you +2 Dex, Darkvision, and two features that form the heart of the character: Pack Tactics, which grants you advantage on attacks against enemies within five feet of your allies, and Grovel, Cower and Beg, which gives all your allies advantage against enemies within ten feet of you. Your game plan is to stay behind your allies, shooting engaged enemies (with advantage from Pack Tactics) to provide consistent damage output that puts down foes quickly. Then, if you’re ever trapped and unable to disengage, switch to Grovel, Cower and Beg, so your allies have an easier time rescuing you.
  • Kit yourself out with as much of the standard Rogue gear as you can afford – studded leather armour for 12+Dex Bonus AC, two shortswords and a bow, each dealing d6 piercing damage.
    After your first adventure win, hire some goons! It only costs 2GP a day to hire a professional mercenary. Your Charisma score is there to make negotiations with potential new meatshields hirelings go more smoothly, and to help steel their nerve against inevitable tragic fatalities.
  • Then enquire of your GM how much it will cost to acquire blackened eye goggles that will protect your fragile kobold eyes from the (disadvantage-inducing) sun. They’re not in the equipment list, but a lens-maker who can create a Spyglass can definitely turn out a pair of shades.
  • At third level, choose the Mastermind subclass, giving you the Master of Tactics ability. You can now use a bonus action to Help an ally within 30 feet of you, granting them advantage.
  • At fourth level, boost your Dexterity. You want to push it up to 20 as soon as possible.
  • Once Dexterity is at 20, boost Charisma to help your recruitment efforts.
  • Feats to consider include Sharpshooter, which will increase your bow accuracy against enemies receiving cover from your allies, and Inspiring Leader, which lets you deliver an inspiring (if high-pitched) speech before combat, to grant up to 6 allies temporary hit points equal to your level + your charisma modifier. The longer your allies are upright, the longer before your foes can get to you!

D&D artwork showing a collection of potions, poisons, bottles and magical equipment

PARANOID POISONER

This Variant Human doubles down on the Assassin’s main focus – opening combat with a deeply unfair round of attacks that your enemy doesn’t see coming.

Ability Scores

Dexterity is your primary stat, and should be where you focus your stat increases, followed by Charisma, which will help you to sell your lies. Wisdom will make your character more perceptive, but, because of the Alert feat you’ll pick early on, it’s not critical to protect you from Sneak Attacks. Constitution may be useful, in case you have a mishap with any of your poisons!

Details

  • Pick Variant Human as your race, choosing +1 Dex, +1 Cha, and the Alert feat, which grants you +5 to initiative rolls, makes you immune to surprise and means that attacks from unseen enemies don’t have advantage against you. The Criminal background will give you relevant skill proficiencies, and access to the underworld to purchase illegal substances…
  • Make sure you have skill proficiency and Expertise in Deception and Stealth. Your ideal fight begins with you unnoticed by your enemies, or with them believing you’re one of their allies.
  • Kit yourself out with throwing darts, daggers, a pair of shortswords, and the best light armour you can afford. You’re saving your money to buy a poisoner’s kit and a disguise kit by level three.
  • At level three, choose the Assassin subclass, and buy that poisoner’s kit. You’ll now have advantage on attacks against enemies who haven’t acted yet in combat – which should happen often thanks to your Alert feat – and you can brew a weak poison to apply to your weapons.
  • At level four, take the Poisoner feat from Tasha’s Cauldron of Everything. You already have proficiency with the poisoner’s kit, so convert that into proficiency with a forger’s kit – but, more importantly, you now ignore enemy resistance to poison, and, for 50gp, you can brew a number of doses of potent poison equal to your proficiency bonus.
  • Your combat strategy from here on out is to open combat with a surprise round, and hopefully high up on the initiative track. You’ll unleash a flurry of poisoned dart attacks, all made with advantage. A round where you land both darts will do 2d4 + 2d6 damage, and twice force the enemy to make a DC14 Con save or take 2d8 poison damage. And that’s just at level four.
  • From here on, increase your Dexterity as much as possible, and get ready to use your Infiltration Expertise at level nine to create a fake identity, for when the DM starts sending bounty hunters after your character…

D&D artwork showing a taxi climbing a rock face

TABAXI SWASHBUCKLER

With natural agility and feline charm, this swashbuckler is an elegant duellist. This build doubles down on the Tabaxi’s speed and the Swashbuckler’s maneuverability,

Ability Scores

Dexterity and Charisma are your focus here, as Dexterity is always useful for a Rogue while Charisma is the basis for your subclass’ special features. As a Tabaxi, you have a climbing speed, so feel free to leave Strength as your dump stat, as you won’t need it for either your attacks or to climb around – just stay out of the water.

Details

  • Pick Tabaxi as your race, granting you +2 Dex, +1 Cha and a package of other useful abilities
  • Choose a pair of shortswords as your weapons for d6 damage attacks, as well as the best leather armour you can afford. You’ll upgrade to the rapiers soon enough.
  • At level three, choose the Swashbuckler subclass. This is where your game plan takes shape: with Fancy Footwork you can move past any enemy you make a melee attack against, without provoking an opportunity attack. With a weapon in each hand, you can attack (and therefore dodge) two enemies each turn, and with the Tabaxi’s Feline Agility you can effectively make a Dash move without using your bonus action.
  • Meanwhile, Rakish Audacity lets you make Sneak Attacks against enemies you are duelling one on one. With your incredible maneuverability, you should always be able to set this up.
  • At level four, take the Dual Wielder feat so you can upgrade your shortswords to rapiers, increasing their damage die to d8 and granting you +1AC.
  • After this, your main choices are whether to increase your Dexterity, Charisma, or take additional feats. It’s hard to argue with better Dexterity for a Rogue, so start there.
  • Piercer is a good choice, as it allows you to add 1 to your Dexterity, and increases the reliability of your melee attacks, letting you reroll one damage die in each attack once per turn, and granting you a bonus die on your critical hits.
  • Defensive Duellist allows you to react to a melee attack that hits you while you’re wielding a finesse weapon, by adding your proficiency bonus to your AC. This one can feel like a gamble, as you won’t know until you use it whether the bonus will stop the attack from hitting – but, if you see a low result on your enemy’s attack die, you’ll feel like a true swordsman when you successfully parry.
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